The African Union (AU) has instructed its commission to compile a list of members of the military junta and their supporters

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The African Union (AU) has instructed its commission to compile a list of members of the military junta and their supporters in Niger for targeted sanctions and “application of individual punitive measures.” This move follows previous sanctions imposed on the junta by the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), which the AU has endorsed. The AU has also suspended Niger from its activities and urged its members to avoid legitimizing the junta. ECOWAS has rejected the three-year plan proposed by the new military government to return the country to democracy.

In related news, rising concerns over power cuts in Niger, caused by economic and travel sanctions imposed by ECOWAS, are impacting the ability to keep vaccines cold. The United Nations Children’s Fund in Niger has spent significantly more on fuel for generators to preserve vaccines, including those for polio and rotavirus, due to the power cuts. The situation is worsening due to the economic sanctions and is affecting the population’s access to goods and services.

Meanwhile, the AU has endorsed the ECOWAS decision to activate a standby force and impose sanctions against the junta in Niger. The AU is also asking for a report on the impact assessment of the ECOWAS standby force. This comes as ECOWAS has been attempting diplomatic negotiations with the junta but is prepared to deploy troops if necessary to restore constitutional order in Niger.

General Abdulsalami Abubakar, the ECOWAS envoy to Niger, has formally presented the terms given by the military junta for resolving the political crisis to Nigerian President Bola Tinubu. Abubakar expressed hope for a peaceful resolution and diplomatic negotiations to prevent a military intervention.

In response to the crisis, former Kaduna State Governor Nasir El-Rufai warned against military intervention, emphasizing that a war within the sub-region is essentially a war between brothers. He called for efforts to avoid a civil war between the people of Niger and those living in Northern Nigeria.

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